野菜データブック


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(学名:)

発芽温度(℃)
最低 適温〜 〜適温 最高
       
生育温度(℃)
最低 適温〜 〜適温 最高
       

栽培スケジュール

種まき- 定植- 収穫-


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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Sodatteの栽培ちょいメモ


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「親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも徒(あだ。無駄のこと)はない」ということわざがあります。
ナスの花は自家受粉するので、こういったことわざが生まれたのでしょうが、実際に育ててみると意外と結実しない事も多くて不安になってしまうこともあります。
特に夏の暑い盛りは、花粉自体が出ない花が咲くことも。
主な結実不良の原因は「短花柱花(中央の雌しべが短い花)」で、原因は肥料不足と言われていますが、日照不足や根の不活性なども影響が大きいように私自身は感じています。

プランターで育てる場合は、できるだけ大型なものを用意すると良いでしょう。ナスの実は水切れ厳禁。ちょうど暑くなり始める頃に実が生りだしますから、できれば早朝・午前中・午後2時頃の3回の水やりがベストだそう。けれど実際にはそれほど手間をかけられないでしょうから、出来るだけ土の量を多くして、乾燥させない工夫をしましょう。

ナスの剪定には色々な方法がありますが、一番注意したいのは、秋ナスのための切り戻しのとき。8月上旬に葉を数枚残して大きく切り戻し、秋ナスに備えますが、このときに必ず根切りは行ったほうが良いそうです。地上部の大きさに合わせた根の大きさ(30cm範囲ぐらい)にするために、スコップで切断します。
不要な根が多いと逆に腐ったりすることもあるとか。気をつけましょう。

種から育てるとき

ナスの発芽温度はかなりの高温なので、寒い時期の種まきには加温が必要です。発芽してからの成長はトマトに比べるとかなりゆっくりですが、焦らずにじっくり育ててください。本葉6〜8枚の苗が定植サイズです。

 


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楽天で買える、 ナス の種

  • とげなし千両二号(タキイ)

    手強いトゲがない品種。加熱から漬物まで、オールマイティに使えます。

  • SL紫水(タキイ)

    丸い形がかわいい水ナス。トゲ無しの品種です。

  • でわこなす(タキイ)

    丸ごと浅漬けにするのにピッタリな小型ナス。3~5cmの実で収穫です。

  • 白ナス

    実が着くと、菜園が一気に爽やかな風景に。アクが無くて美味しいナス。

  • Aubergine Pot Black
    (Johnson’s)

    株間40cmでOKのコンテナ用品種。加熱調理向きのようです。

  • Tigrina( HORTUS社)

    ギリシャのナス。実は22〜24cmにもなる、縞々の品種。

保存

保存

このページは、スタッフが個人的に編集したものであり、特に専門家による監修がなされているものではありません。正しい栽培方法等は、種袋の記載や書籍等をご参考くださるよう、お願いいたします。


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播種温度参考文献: 農文協「野菜栽培の基礎知識」
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成育温度参考文献: 農文協「野菜栽培の基礎知識」
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作型参考文献: 講談社「野菜づくり名人の知恵袋」